If a buyer of a residential listing applies for a mortgage loan on or after August 1, 2015, new federal regulations will apply to the loan transaction. Generally, these new regulations will apply to all transactions involving a new residential mortgage loan. Cash and commercial transactions, even if a residence is involved, are not affected.
New Forms Replace GFE and HUD-1 Settlement Statement
After August 1, 2015 buyers applying for a mortgage loan will receive a Loan Estimate from the lender instead of the current Good Faith Estimate (GFE). Buyers will generally receive the Loan Estimate three days after applying for their loan.
The other new form, the Closing Disclosure, will include all of the information currently found on the HUD-1 settlement statement (HUD-1); it will also include an additional three pages of financial disclosures currently found on other forms. The traditional HUD-1 information will be found on pages two and three of the new five-page Closing Disclosure. However, the Closing Disclosure does not use the same familiar categories found on the HUD-1 and some costs are in a different area. For example, your real estate commission and any related charges for your services will be located in Section H labeled “Other” at the bottom of page two of the new form.
Lender Will Prepare Closing Disclosure
While the new rule allows a lender to authorize a settlement agent to prepare the new form, for a variety of reasons you should expect that the lender will prepare this new five-page form. This is a brand new challenge for lenders because most of the information currently found on the HUD-1 is gathered by the settlement agent. For example, your commission, association assessments, home warranties, inspection fees, etc.
Settlement agents will continue to be responsible for gathering this information and providing it to the lender. They will need to provide exact information about services and charges to the lender in a timely fashion. Therefore, you will need to communicate your information to the settlement agent much, much earlier than day of closing, perhaps two weeks before the scheduled closing date! Why? Read on. (more…)